HEAVY METAL TESTING

Your Health

Minerals and anti-oxidants are necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Accumulation of toxic metals can lead to health risks.

MINERALS

A primary contribution

Minerals (macronutrients and micronutrients) have a key role in the proper functioning of the body. A daily intake of nutritional supplements is essential since the human body is unable to synthesize them itself.

Therefore, a deficiency in trace elements and minerals is one of the major factor for poor performance, tiredness, vulnerability to stress, decreased concentration or intellectual capacity, etc. It is, therefore, important to control the mineral level in the body to be able to anticipate the associated risks.

TOXIC METALS

A new public health issue

Studies by the WHO or FAO have highlighted the increasing dangers of massive exposure to toxic agents. Transmitted by air pollution, ground water and soil, food, etc. contamination is becoming increasingly dangerous and unavoidable involving health risks. Toxic metals cause oxidative stress.

OXIDATIVE STRESS

To apprehend for better ageing

Oxidative stress is a type of aggression of the cell components by free radicals. It is responsible for aging and many other diseases.

How are these minerals and trace elements tested?

It is tested by using technology provided by OligoScan. The Oligoscan uses optical technology called spectrophotometry.

OligoScan

The OligoScan is a reliable and scientifically proven tool.

A set of tests and comparative studies have been made by researchers highlighting a correlation between the results of the OligoScan and those performed in the laboratory.

This is a medical device with a medical CE marking under European Directive 93/42 / EEC. This directive outlines the requirements for security and performance, as well as marketing terms that are binding on manufacturers.

• Patient’s physiological data is entered
• Patient dermis is scanned by spectrometry
• OligoScan application processes and analyses data
• Data is sent and stored on a secure server, allowing for further monitoring
• Results are available on the computer / tablet

It is designed for precise evaluation of bioavailability of minerals, trace elements and the rate of toxic metals in living tissues. The measurement is made on the surface of the hand. The advantage of epidermis analysis as opposed to a secretion one is that it gives more stable picture. Indeed, the test of the urine can show what that the body excretes. The hair provides information about what happened in the body a few weeks or months ago. The blood shows what circulates. The OligoScan balance sheet allows us to observe what is in the tissue and therefore to assess intra-tissular BIO-AVAILABILITY. But all these measurements are complementary.

The OligoScan device has been validated by our scientific team with an important series of comparative tests in regard to clinical symptoms among the patients. In addition, there were relevant correlations with other measurement methods observed.

Spectrophotometry

This is a quantitative analytical method of measuring the absorption or the optical density of a chemical. It is based on the principle of absorption, transmission or reflection of light by the chemical compounds over a certain wavelength range. Spectrophotometry is used in many areas: chemicals, pharmaceuticals, environment, food, biology, medical / clinical, industrial and others. In the medical field, spectrophotometry is used to examine blood or tissue.

Tissue minerals is not the same as blood (serum) minerals and the Heavy Metal Test is not a replacement for blood draw testing. The two measurements do not correlate and are measuring different things – minerals in different physiological states and locations in the body. Both measurements provide important dimensions of understanding and independent information related to minerals and metabolism and should be part of a global understanding of a patient.

With a tissue minerals analysis, the aim is to show the metabolism, the homeostasis, the reserves of the tissue metabolism, which is reflects the physiology of a patient.
With heavy metal testing, we will not measure an acute intoxication (for instance a patient who has been directly contaminated after ingesting arsenic), as it is possible to measure in blood and urine. Heavy metal testing will measure a chronic intoxication of heavy metals present in skin tissue, because of the air/food/soils/water/products… pollution. Moreover, each patient is different and don’t react in the same way with a chronic intoxication. For instance, with the same amount of lead in the skin tissues, a patient will stay in good health but another one will be sick.

While a specific toxic metal has the potential to exert detrimental effects by select mechanisms, there are several common features among toxic heavy metals. One of the most widely studied mechanisms of action for toxic metals is oxidative damage due to direct generation of free radical species and depletion of antioxidant reserves. Mercury, cadmium, and lead, for example, can effectively inhibit cellular glutathione peroxidase, reducing the effectiveness of this antioxidant defense system for detoxification. Many toxic heavy metals act as molecular “mimics” of nutritionally essential trace elements; as a result, they may compete with essential metallic cofactors for entry into cells and incorporation into enzymes. For example, cadmium can compete with and displace zinc from proteins and enzymes; lead is chemically similar to calcium; and thallium is a potassium mimic in nerves and the cardiovascular system.
Calcium (Ca) :
found mainly in the bones, calcium also has a role in the transmission of nerve impulses, in muscle contraction, coagulation and oxygen delivery to tissues.

Magnesium (Mg) :
present in all cells and especially in the bones, Magnesium is involved in maintaining the bone framework, the normal functioning of the nervous and muscle systems. It operates in over 300 enzyme processes.

Phosphorus (P) :
Phosphorus has a structural role (together with calcium) and is present primarily in the skeleton. It also plays an important role in the acid-base balance as well as the storage and transfer of energy (ATP) in the central nervous system. Phosphorus is an essential component of all cells.

Silicon (Si) :
Silicon is a constituent of bones, hair, nails, cartilage and skin. It plays an important role in the biosynthesis of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid.

Sodium (Na) :
Sodium is needed to maintain the water balance of the body, functioning of muscles and nerves.

Potassium (K) :
In combination with sodium, potassium maintains the acid-base balance of the body and contributes to the functioning of cells. Potassium notably allows for the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction.

Copper (Cu) :
Vital to many enzymes, copper occurs in the maintenance of bones, cartilage and iron metabolism. It also stimulates the immune system.

Zinc (Zn) :
Zinc is a cofactor of 200 enzymatic reactions in the body. It has a role in growth, immunity and neurological function. It is involved in the structure of many hormones.

Iron (Fe) :
Iron has a fundamental role in the formation of haemoglobin, myoglobin and many enzymes.

Manganese (Mn) :
Manganese is involved in several enzyme systems such as regulation of carbohydrate metabolism, coagulation, skeleton formation and the fight against free radicals.

Chrome (Cr) :
Chromium, in associated with other compounds in the body, forms glucose tolerance factor. It has also a role in lipid metabolism.

Vanadium (V) :
Vanadium has an important role in thyroid function and bone metabolism.

Bore (B) :
Boron increases the level of sex hormones in the body and plays an important role in maintaining the skeleton.

Cobalt (Co) :
Cobalt is a component of vitamin B12 (cobalamin).

Molybdenum (Mo) :
Molybdenum is essential in the process of elimination of certain products resulting from protein digestion.

Iodine (I) :
Iodine is an essential component of thyroid hormones that has an important role in thermoregulation, basal metabolic rate, reproduction, growth and nervous system.

Lithium (Li) :
Lithium participates in the functioning of nerve cells.

Germanium (Ge) :
Germanium contributes to tissue oxygenation.

Selenium (Se) :
Allowing the production of glutathione peroxidase Selenium is a vital antioxidant. It also influences on the immune system and thyroid gland.

Sulfur (S) :
Sulfur participates in the process of tissular synthesis as well as toxins elimination phenomenon.

Deficiency of these elements will lead to a decreased quality of life, various long term chronic illnesses and also short term acute illnesses.
Aluminium (Al) :
Aluminum is a toxic metal partly responsible for certain diseases of the nervous system and irritable bowel syndrome.

Antimony (Sb) :
Antimony is a toxic, presumably (according to WHO) carcinogen element (group 2B). Antimony inhibits the activity of certain enzymes, disrupts the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates as well as glycogen production by the liver.

Silver (Ag) :
The toxicology research work on nanoparticles of silver are often contradictory. But as for ecotoxicity studies, they do show biological effects of nanoparticles of silver on aquatic and terrestrial organisms (mortality, growth inhibition, genotoxicity, reproductive toxicity).

Arsenic (As) :
Arsenic is a toxic semimetal. Prolonged exposure to arsenic can cause skin lesions, hyperkeratosis on the hands and feet, and pigmentation changes. Arsenic is carcinogenic.

Barium (Ba) :
Barium poisoning and its compounds induce digestive effects, muscle, heart (arrhythmia) and neurological. Depending on the compound, chronic exposure can cause respiratory disease (pneumoconiosis overload) and increased blood pressure.

Beryllium (Be) :
Chronic exposure to beryllium can cause lung granulomatosis. It can alter DNA and is carcinogenic.

Bismuth (Bi) :
High doses of Bismuth may cause serious neurological disorders.

Cadmium (Cd) :
Cadmium has toxic effects on the kidneys, skeleton and respiratory system. It is classified carcinogenic to humans.

Mercury (Hg) :
Mercury is a toxic element considered by the World Health Organisation as extremely dangerous. It can have harmful effects on the nervous, digestive and immune systems as well as the lungs and kidneys and cause motor and cognitive dysfunctions.

Nickel (Ni) :
Nickel allergies are very common, and usually occur by contact dermatitis. Nickel metal is classified as possibly carcinogenic (Group 2B), while its inorganic compounds are classified carcinogenic (Group 1).

Platinum (Pt) :
Platinum can cause irritation of the respiratory tract, lung and skin.

Lead (Pb) :
Lead is a toxic metal considered by the World Health Organization as a serious concern. Lead has adverse effects on the brain and central nervous system.

Thallium (TI) :
Thallium is highly toxic, as it competes with Potassium. It can cause digestive problems, cause neuropsychiatric symptoms, neuropathies, tachycardia, hypertension and hair loss.

Thorium (Th) :
Thorium is an element existing only in radioactive form. Critical organs in terms of radiation are the lungs, bone marrow, the bone surface and the gonads.

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